Images…What’s in a Name?

What do these names have in common?

They are both occupations.  Way back in the medieval period in England, people didn’t have “family” names, since there were few enough people around.  They were often known by what they did in the community.  John, the miller, who owned the flour mill by the river and accepted everyone’s grain to grind into flour.  If there were ten people named John in the village, they were distinguished by their occupations so people didn’t get them mixed up.  So you might have John the miller, and John the butcher.  Eventually, when there were enough people around, those occupations became their last names, and their children had two names, a first name and a last name.

For a while now, I have, just for fun, been keeping a list of last names that are occupations.  I’d love it if my followers could add names that I’ve missed.   Here is what I have so far:

Smith (as in blacksmith), or Schmidt the German variation

Miller

Butcher

Baker

Chandler

Glover

Barker

Fletcher (makes arrows)

Driver

Shepherd (or Shepard)

Cooper (makes barrels)

Goldschmidt (goldsmith)

Farmer

Mercer (makes thread)

Fuller (processes cloth)

Pope

King

Fisher

Marshall, or Marshal

Mason (the Masonic order was made up of the specialized stonemasons who built early cathedrals)

Draper

Proctor

Carter

Cook

Collier (miner)

Miner

Porter

Glaser (makes windows)

Tanner

Palmer

Cantor

Singer

Provost

Taylor, or Tailor

Knight

Framer

Warden

Chancellor

Sailor, or Saylor

Weaver

Squire

Forrester

Carver

Steward, or Stewart

Planter

Harvester

Page

Carpenter

Hunter

Clark, or Clerk

Abbott

Potter

Archer

Buyer

Postman

Chamberlain

Falconer

Reeve

Roper

Shoemaker

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/names/

Better late than never! Dec. 23 Photo Challenge: Path

I had a perfect picture for this photo challenge, but for the life of me, I could not find it in my photo archives.  Maybe I’m just getting old!  I knew I had it on my computer at work, though, but we were off the last week of December.  Finally, today, I managed to find it in “My Pictures” on my work computer.  Lo and behold, for some reason I did not import a bunch of photos from the same walk at the Narbeck Wetland park in Everett, WA, not too far from home and work.  This is one of my favorite places to walk, and the wooden boardwalk is very pleasant.  Herewith, one of my favorite paths.

move-and-narbeck-008

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/path-2016/

Year-End Photo Challenge: Resilient Jews

My People, The Jews, are the most resilient people there are.  We are Creators and scholars, in Science, Medicine, The Law, and Business.  The Jews have survived attempted genocide at the hands of the Romans.  (Just look at what the Roman Empire became-Italy now is a basket-case in Europe, as is Greece.)

Walls, Masada
Walls and room, Masada, Israel
Wailing Wall
People pray at the most powerful symbol of enduring Judiasm.

Yet, We Survive, and Thrive.  We survived the Holocaust in World War II.  Six Million of us slaughtered, yet we Survive.

Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial

And we thrive today, in the State of Israel, may she live forever!

Hotels, Tiberias
Modern Tiberias, on the Sea of Galilee
Jerusalem construction
Construction in Jerusalem

The Jews today face enemies, new and old, in the US and around the world.  Islamic Terrorists seek to destroy us wherever we are found (which is basically everywhere).  “Palestinians” seek to destroy the State of Israel, in Israel itself, and in the charnel-house of the United Nations (which has become a forum for the totalitarians and oppressors of the world).  But the Jews will survive, as they always have.  The State of Israel will survive, and thrive, and make its Middle East a better place for everyone, even its sworn enemies.  Jews know how to laugh in the face of evil, and hardship.

painted-door-safed.jpg

It has always been my opinion that the Jews are the Conscience of Humanity.  You will know when Humanity is well and truly doomed…when the last Jew is gone.  May that never happen.

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/resilient/

This Week’s Photo Challenge: New Horizon, and Liberty

Sunset clouds
Sunset above the clouds

I am at the stage in my life (age 67) where New Years resolutions don’t fit.  This year, I have something wonderful to look forward to for the next few years-Liberty!  With a new Republican Administration taking over in January, instead of worrying constantly about the tightening of the strait-jacket of Government constantly hemming in my freedom of movement, I can look forward to more choices of how to live my life.

For the first time, I have been long enough at my job that I have-wonder of wonders-lots of vacation time to use!  I can contemplate the decision to take a vacation away from home, and be able to afford it!  We are already booked for a week in Arizona in February around a Hillsdale College National Leadership Seminar.  Since the weather here in the Seattle area tends to be pretty rainy and cloudy in February, we are looking forward to some sunshine on the horizon.

Cactus-lined path, Desert Botanical Garden
Cactus-lined path, Desert Botanical Garden

Maybe we’ll make it back to the beautiful Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix.

Maybe we’ll take a trip later in the year to one of our favorite horizons, the beach at Cape May, New Jersey.  Now there’s a Horizon!  It seems to go on forever. Believe it or not, this picture was taken 3 days before Superstorm Sandy hit the East Coast. 70 degrees and not a cloud in the sky.  Go figure…

img_1365

Whatever we decide, we will be more free in 2017 than we have been in a long time to pursue our chosen horizons.

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/new-horizon/