They are both occupations. Way back in the medieval period in England, people didn’t have “family” names, since there were few enough people around. They were often known by what they did in the community. John, the miller, who owned the flour mill by the river and accepted everyone’s grain to grind into flour. If there were ten people named John in the village, they were distinguished by their occupations so people didn’t get them mixed up. So you might have John the miller, and John the butcher. Eventually, when there were enough people around, those occupations became their last names, and their children had two names, a first name and a last name.
For a while now, I have, just for fun, been keeping a list of last names that are occupations. I’d love it if my followers could add names that I’ve missed. Here is what I have so far:
Smith (as in blacksmith), or Schmidt the German variation
Fletcher (makes arrows)
Shepherd (or Shepard)
Cooper (makes barrels)
Mercer (makes thread)
Fuller (processes cloth)
Marshall, or Marshal
Mason (the Masonic order was made up of the specialized stonemasons who built early cathedrals)
I had a perfect picture for this photo challenge, but for the life of me, I could not find it in my photo archives. Maybe I’m just getting old! I knew I had it on my computer at work, though, but we were off the last week of December. Finally, today, I managed to find it in “My Pictures” on my work computer. Lo and behold, for some reason I did not import a bunch of photos from the same walk at the Narbeck Wetland park in Everett, WA, not too far from home and work. This is one of my favorite places to walk, and the wooden boardwalk is very pleasant. Herewith, one of my favorite paths.
My People, The Jews, are the most resilient people there are. We are Creators and scholars, in Science, Medicine, The Law, and Business. The Jews have survived attempted genocide at the hands of the Romans. (Just look at what the Roman Empire became-Italy now is a basket-case in Europe, as is Greece.)
Yet, We Survive, and Thrive. We survived the Holocaust in World War II. Six Million of us slaughtered, yet we Survive.
And we thrive today, in the State of Israel, may she live forever!
The Jews today face enemies, new and old, in the US and around the world. Islamic Terrorists seek to destroy us wherever we are found (which is basically everywhere). “Palestinians” seek to destroy the State of Israel, in Israel itself, and in the charnel-house of the United Nations (which has become a forum for the totalitarians and oppressors of the world). But the Jews will survive, as they always have. The State of Israel will survive, and thrive, and make its Middle East a better place for everyone, even its sworn enemies. Jews know how to laugh in the face of evil, and hardship.
It has always been my opinion that the Jews are the Conscience of Humanity. You will know when Humanity is well and truly doomed…when the last Jew is gone. May that never happen.