Images…What’s in a Name?

What do these names have in common?

They are both occupations.  Way back in the medieval period in England, people didn’t have “family” names, since there were few enough people around.  They were often known by what they did in the community.  John, the miller, who owned the flour mill by the river and accepted everyone’s grain to grind into flour.  If there were ten people named John in the village, they were distinguished by their occupations so people didn’t get them mixed up.  So you might have John the miller, and John the butcher.  Eventually, when there were enough people around, those occupations became their last names, and their children had two names, a first name and a last name.

For a while now, I have, just for fun, been keeping a list of last names that are occupations.  I’d love it if my followers could add names that I’ve missed.   Here is what I have so far:

Smith (as in blacksmith), or Schmidt the German variation

Miller

Butcher

Baker

Chandler

Glover

Barker

Fletcher (makes arrows)

Driver

Shepherd (or Shepard)

Cooper (makes barrels)

Goldschmidt (goldsmith)

Farmer

Mercer (makes thread)

Fuller (processes cloth)

Pope

King

Fisher

Marshall, or Marshal

Mason (the Masonic order was made up of the specialized stonemasons who built early cathedrals)

Draper

Proctor

Carter

Cook

Collier (miner)

Miner

Porter

Glaser (makes windows)

Tanner

Palmer

Cantor

Singer

Provost

Taylor, or Tailor

Knight

Framer

Warden

Chancellor

Sailor, or Saylor

Weaver

Squire

Forrester

Carver

Steward, or Stewart

Planter

Harvester

Page

Carpenter

Hunter

Clark, or Clerk

Abbott

Potter

Archer

Buyer

Postman

Chamberlain

Falconer

Reeve

Roper

Shoemaker

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/names/

RushBabe’s Top Ten First 100-day Trump Administration Wish-List

On January 20, Republican Outlier President Donald Trump assumes office.  Many segments of American Society have expectations for his administration.  Liberals’ heads are exploding everywhere, just thinking about the demise of ObamaCare and other Liberal Welfare-State favorites.  Conservatives are holding their breaths, just waiting for President Trump to do something stupid, and confirm what many of them think-that he has no idea of what a president should do, or how.  Many of us, however, have high hopes for a Trump administration to undo many of the things that the Obama Administration has done to strangle American businesses, and put American citizens in a strait-jacket, reducing our liberty as much as possible.  Following are the Top Ten things I would like to see the new President initiate within his first 100 days.  Please note, degree of difficulty NOT taken into account, and all ten are of equal importance.

  1.  Call off the Justice Department trying to run local police departments.   Immediately cancel ALL “consent decrees” that hamstring local law-enforcement and assume that they are all racist pigs.
  2. Return the Internal Revenue Service to its stated duties of collecting taxes from US individuals and businesses.  Immediately fire ALL political appointees from all prior administrations, and replace them (not all, there are probably way more IRS employees than needed for their tax-collecting duties) with impartial civil servants.  Fast-track all delayed applications for non-profit status from conservative groups.
  3. Cancel the previous enabling of public employees unions.  Invalidate all public employee union contracts.  This will save the American people the millions of dollars it is costing to pay union reps who do NO productive work for the government.
  4. Work with the new appointees for heads of the Education (Betsy DeVos) and Energy (Rick Perry) Departments to close them in an orderly fashion, to be completed within four years.
  5. Work with Congress to repeal the Sarbanes-Oxley and Dodd-Frank financial legislation.  To start with, disband the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which is accountable to no one.  Look into returning to the big banks some of the huge shakedown payments the government extracted from them for their “wrongdoing” in the financial crisis.
  6. Begin the repeal of the (Un)Affordable Care Act.  First up-cancel the Individual and Employer Mandates, since it is unconstitutional for the federal government to mandate that citizens buy any product.  Immediately invalidate every single Obama Executive Order delaying or changing particular parts of the Act to benefit the Democrat party’s friends in organized labor.
  7. Cancel all Obama executive orders having to do with illegal immigration.  Immediately begin enforcing ALL current federal laws relating to immigration and border control.  Remove discretionary Federal funds from any city, state, or university that declares itself a “sanctuary city”.  Seattle and San Francisco, here’s looking at you first.
  8. Begin the process of de-funding Planned Parenthood.  Not one cent of taxpayer money should go to the nation’s premier abortion provider.
  9. Begin the process of de-funding the United Nations.  Deny the UN any US funds for any but the allied organizations like the World Health Organization.  Do not renew the UN lease on its building in New York City-kick them out and lease the place at market rates to productive businesses.
  10. Re-establish cordial ties with all the US allies whom the Obama administration has dissed over the last 8 years.  Starting with Britain, ask for that statue of Churchill back for the Oval Office.  Then, emphasize to Benjamin Netanyahu that the United States is Israel’s greatest friend, and that we will fight for their right to exist and defend themselves, and support them in any way possible.  Return to active support of NATO, and rededicate ourselves to supporting Ukraine against the Russians.

Better late than never! Dec. 23 Photo Challenge: Path

I had a perfect picture for this photo challenge, but for the life of me, I could not find it in my photo archives.  Maybe I’m just getting old!  I knew I had it on my computer at work, though, but we were off the last week of December.  Finally, today, I managed to find it in “My Pictures” on my work computer.  Lo and behold, for some reason I did not import a bunch of photos from the same walk at the Narbeck Wetland park in Everett, WA, not too far from home and work.  This is one of my favorite places to walk, and the wooden boardwalk is very pleasant.  Herewith, one of my favorite paths.

move-and-narbeck-008

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/path-2016/

Year-End Photo Challenge: Resilient Jews

My People, The Jews, are the most resilient people there are.  We are Creators and scholars, in Science, Medicine, The Law, and Business.  The Jews have survived attempted genocide at the hands of the Romans.  (Just look at what the Roman Empire became-Italy now is a basket-case in Europe, as is Greece.)

Walls, Masada
Walls and room, Masada, Israel
Wailing Wall
People pray at the most powerful symbol of enduring Judiasm.

Yet, We Survive, and Thrive.  We survived the Holocaust in World War II.  Six Million of us slaughtered, yet we Survive.

Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial

And we thrive today, in the State of Israel, may she live forever!

Hotels, Tiberias
Modern Tiberias, on the Sea of Galilee
Jerusalem construction
Construction in Jerusalem

The Jews today face enemies, new and old, in the US and around the world.  Islamic Terrorists seek to destroy us wherever we are found (which is basically everywhere).  “Palestinians” seek to destroy the State of Israel, in Israel itself, and in the charnel-house of the United Nations (which has become a forum for the totalitarians and oppressors of the world).  But the Jews will survive, as they always have.  The State of Israel will survive, and thrive, and make its Middle East a better place for everyone, even its sworn enemies.  Jews know how to laugh in the face of evil, and hardship.

painted-door-safed.jpg

It has always been my opinion that the Jews are the Conscience of Humanity.  You will know when Humanity is well and truly doomed…when the last Jew is gone.  May that never happen.

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/resilient/