Images…What’s in a Name?

What do these names have in common?

They are both occupations.  Way back in the medieval period in England, people didn’t have “family” names, since there were few enough people around.  They were often known by what they did in the community.  John, the miller, who owned the flour mill by the river and accepted everyone’s grain to grind into flour.  If there were ten people named John in the village, they were distinguished by their occupations so people didn’t get them mixed up.  So you might have John the miller, and John the butcher.  Eventually, when there were enough people around, those occupations became their last names, and their children had two names, a first name and a last name.

For a while now, I have, just for fun, been keeping a list of last names that are occupations.  I’d love it if my followers could add names that I’ve missed.   Here is what I have so far:

Smith (as in blacksmith), or Schmidt the German variation

Miller

Butcher

Baker

Chandler

Glover

Barker

Fletcher (makes arrows)

Driver

Shepherd (or Shepard)

Cooper (makes barrels)

Goldschmidt (goldsmith)

Farmer

Mercer (makes thread)

Fuller (processes cloth)

Pope

King

Fisher

Marshall, or Marshal

Mason (the Masonic order was made up of the specialized stonemasons who built early cathedrals)

Draper

Proctor

Carter

Cook

Collier (miner)

Miner

Porter

Glaser (makes windows)

Tanner

Palmer

Cantor

Singer

Provost

Taylor, or Tailor

Knight

Framer

Warden

Chancellor

Sailor, or Saylor

Weaver

Squire

Forrester

Carver

Steward, or Stewart

Planter

Harvester

Page

Carpenter

Hunter

Clark, or Clerk

Abbott

Potter

Archer

Buyer

Postman

Chamberlain

Falconer

Reeve

Roper

Shoemaker

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/names/

Year-End Photo Challenge: Resilient Jews

My People, The Jews, are the most resilient people there are.  We are Creators and scholars, in Science, Medicine, The Law, and Business.  The Jews have survived attempted genocide at the hands of the Romans.  (Just look at what the Roman Empire became-Italy now is a basket-case in Europe, as is Greece.)

Walls, Masada
Walls and room, Masada, Israel
Wailing Wall
People pray at the most powerful symbol of enduring Judiasm.

Yet, We Survive, and Thrive.  We survived the Holocaust in World War II.  Six Million of us slaughtered, yet we Survive.

Yad Vashem
Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial

And we thrive today, in the State of Israel, may she live forever!

Hotels, Tiberias
Modern Tiberias, on the Sea of Galilee
Jerusalem construction
Construction in Jerusalem

The Jews today face enemies, new and old, in the US and around the world.  Islamic Terrorists seek to destroy us wherever we are found (which is basically everywhere).  “Palestinians” seek to destroy the State of Israel, in Israel itself, and in the charnel-house of the United Nations (which has become a forum for the totalitarians and oppressors of the world).  But the Jews will survive, as they always have.  The State of Israel will survive, and thrive, and make its Middle East a better place for everyone, even its sworn enemies.  Jews know how to laugh in the face of evil, and hardship.

painted-door-safed.jpg

It has always been my opinion that the Jews are the Conscience of Humanity.  You will know when Humanity is well and truly doomed…when the last Jew is gone.  May that never happen.

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/resilient/

A Look Back at 2016, and the True Legacy of Barack Hussein Obama

The person who will still be president until January 20, 2017, is the most destructive individual to have ever held that office.  Destructive, that is, of America, and what she has stood for over the past 240 years.  Let’s take a look at what Destroyer Obama hath wrought.

crash_t5

He has destroyed and reduced the formerly formidable US Military.  He has reduced its budget to where “For next week, there will be no US Aircraft Carriers patrolling the world’s seas”.  He has made a social experiment of the military, forcing homosexuals and transsexuals on a military force that lives by cohesion.  Our Navy now has fewer ships that at any time since World War I, making our response to worldwide threats more difficult.  He has glorified deserters like Bowe Bergdahl; and supported with taxpayer dollars certified criminals like Bradley Manning who at the last moment decided he wanted to be called “Chelsey”, and may get a sex-change operation on YOUR DIME.

He has systematically reduced our National Security by several different means.  His administration has encouraged illegal immigration on all of our borders.  Through the southern border he has let in millions of illegals from Mexico and Central America, many of whom take construction jobs at a lower wage than Unionized Americans would earn, thus lowering the average wages paid.  In November, the largest number of illegals crossed out border in recent memory-Obama packing the country with future Democrat voters?  He has allowed in thousands of Syrian and other Middle Eastern “refugees”, inviting into our country more and more Muslims who see us as the “Great Satan”.  The persecuted Christians from Syria and elsewhere are being denied entry to America, their last refuge.

All throughout his two terms in office, Obama has spurned and dissed our traditional allies, and cozied up to our enemies, starting from his first day in office, where he made a big deal of returning the Oval Office bust of Winston Churchill (perhaps the modern world’s most beloved statesman) to Britain.  Being a Muslim Sympathizer, he has been especially hostile to the only working Democracy in the Middle East, Israel, supporting UN resolutions against Israelis defending themselves from hostile Arab regimes on all their borders.  Last week’s abstention in the UN, thus allowing a new resolution against Israeli settlements in conquered territory to go through, is especially despicable.

Obama-Netanyahu

Jewish organizations and commentators have variously spoken out against this.

The Republican-Jewish Coalition states that Obama has damaged US-Israeli relations more than any US president in history.  Meg Greenfield, who just happens to be Jewish, says that John Kerry, perhaps the stupidest Secretary of State ever, is an “Obstacle to Peace“.  In their final hours in office, Obama and Kerry have “Resurrected the “Jewish Question””.

Speaking of cozying up to our enemies, Cuba was big in the news of 2016.  Obama has released many terrorists from Guantanamo Bay Prison in 2016; of the 242 who were there at the start of Obama’s presidency, only 59 are left, and he can hardly wait to release them, to return to their lives of terrorism against the US.  Fidel Castro died in 2016, and the Obama administration praised him, managing to ignore the millions of Cubans who the Castro regime has tortured, imprisoned, and murdered since they took power in the 1950s.  So History will judge him?  Ha!  The Cuban Ladies in White have judged him; we all hope he is burning in Hell.

Obama “negotiated” a “nuclear deal” with Iran in 2016, going around Congress, and opening the way for the brutal Muslim dictators of Iran to acquire nuclear weapons.  His administration was silent when the Iranians illegally captured and humiliated our sailors, and paid big ransom to get them back.  In short, the Obama administration has left behind it, instead of a calm, prosperous world, a world in flames, with terrorists around the world, from the Middle East, to France and Belgium, to Africa, to our own United States (Fort Hood (where the terror was described as “workplace violence”!), San Bernardino, Boston, Orlando, FL), bombing, murdering, and creating fear everywhere.

sailors_0.jpg

And what about the United States under Obama?  The Ferguson Effect has been especially powerful this year.  Murders of law-enforcement personnel have skyrocketed this year, with 62 gunned down, many in ambush-type situations.  The Black Lives Matter movement has been linked to an attitude by law enforcement that THEY are at fault for the ostensible “murders” of “unarmed” black men, causing them to pull back from their activities in minority neighborhoods.  Homicide rates in many of our large metropolitan areas have increased dramatically in 2016, affecting minority areas most.  Obama, the “uniter”, turned out to be a divider instead, pitting blacks against whites even more than before.  The state of race relations in the USA is much worse now than before Obama took office.  The black unemployment rate has not improved, and black poverty has increased under Obama.

In 2016, many big banks have seen their status turned into “public utility”, their freedom of movement curtailed, and they have seen themselves blamed for the financial crisis of 2007-08.  Just FYI, the real cause of the financial crisis was the Government’s requirement that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac approve home loans to millions who could never pay them back!  The (in)Justice Department continues to shake down big banks, including overseas banks, for billions of dollars in “settlements”.  Another bit of collateral damage was the disappearance of hundreds of smaller, community banks, who could not survive the increased Federal regulation of their business.  Obama vowed to get rid of the coal industry via environmental regulation in his presidency, and that is exactly what happened.  Thousands of coal miners were put out of work, and many coal companies went bankrupt.

ObamaCare in 2016 showed that it is a destructive force in American society, causing huge premium increases and many to lose even their earlier policies.  Dozens of insurance companies left the “exchanges” due to big losses; many counties have just one option left!  Many states expanded Medicaid under the law, and thousands of those newly-covered could not find a doctor that would accept Medicaid!  So, instead of the “Affordable Care” Act, it turned out to be the Unaffordable Care Act for many, with options shrinking too.

Religious freedom in the USA has also shrunk under Obama.  Small businesses have been run out of town when their owners decline to serve homosexual “weddings”.  Tech executives have been hounded out of their jobs for supporting religious freedom.  A small pizza shop owner in the midwest was threatened with death for refusing to cater a homosexual “wedding”.  And the Supreme Court imposed homosexual “marriage” on the entire country under Obama, so those of us who support the traditional definition of marriage (one man and one woman) are denied the ability to act on our religious beliefs.

Look at your life, after eight years of the Obama regime.  Are you better off?  Has your freedom been increased or curtailed in the past eight years?  As far as I am concerned, Obama can’t be gone too soon.

 

Born in the USA, and Grateful – Happy Thanksgiving

Born in the USA, and Grateful – Happy Thanksgiving

On the Thanksgiving holiday, we give thanks for all our blessings.  Here in the United States, Thanksgiving has been a national holiday since the 1860s.  Yes, in the midst of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday of November Thanksgiving Day.  I want to declare how very grateful I am for having been born in the Greatest Nation on God’s Green Earth, and to live in one of the most beautiful corners of that Nation, the Pacific Northwest.

IMG_0565
Mount Rainier

My family and I really have everything we need for a comfortable, happy life.  We have good jobs, so we can be productive members of society.  Our Capitalist economic system here in the USA, even in spite of the onerous level of government regulation, gives us the freedom to work for one employer, rather than another; to quit our job and move to a new town to take a different job; to own, and sell, our primary residence when we move or grow out of it, or want to downsize; to save our money to buy something big like a car or a boat, from whichever source we choose; to go to our preferred store to buy our food and clothing; and to make any other economic decision for our own reasons. Any American with enough initiative can start and run his own business, and help it grow to employ others, and satisfy customers.

We are thankful for the Republic we have here, whose founding document, the Constitution, is the first, and the best ever, Law of the Land, laying out the most remarkable form of government ever invented.  We just had another eventful National election-another peaceful (well, mostly), transfer of power from one President to the next.  Never before in all of human history has any nation had such continuous, ongoing changes of administration with as few difficulties as the United States of America.  We in America are the freest, most prosperous, most generous people in the world.  Each American has at his or her fingertips the means to enlighten and enrich himself and his family.  Every single American has public schools where he can learn what he needs to be a productive citizen, if he will take full advantage.  Every American has the freedom to worship as he chooses, with whomever he chooses, or not.  Americans have the freedom to band together with their fellows to try to influence their government, at all levels, or to run for office.  I am also thankful for the all-volunteer military, whose members protect our Liberty, at home and in many places overseas.  They truly are America’s Finest, and they truly reflect the spectrum of Americans-they are black, white, Asian, male and female, and they are the Brave among us.

The people of the United States of America, more than citizens of any other nation, give of the fruits of their labor, to support others who have less, both at home and abroad.  America is the First Responder of the World, always at the ready to help out in a natural disaster anywhere.  Even Americans of modest means find it in their pocketbooks and their hearts to donate to every conceivable form of charity.  Religious Americans are the largest donors to charity in the world, and their support builds roads, schools, and wells in poorer countries everywhere.  I am thankful that the American Spirit lives here, and I am proud to be a part of it.

This year at Thanksgiving, I will be grateful for our Founding Fathers, who bequeathed to us a most remarkable Nation, built upon an Idea:  Liberty and Justice for All. May the United States of America be a beacon to the world forever!

 

After the Election

After the Election

trumpprotesters

I have to say, I had a great time on Tuesday night.  I spent 2.5 hours in front of my computer, participating in the live chat with my Ricochet friends.  There must have been over 200 of us, from all over the world, chiming in and giving reports of how the voting was going in their areas.  People would come back from casting their ballots, and mention lines around the block at the polling stations.  Many people were watching other broadcast and Internet media, and they would tell us what MSNBC and ABC and CBS and CNN were doing and saying.  One member from Florida was very enthusiastic about how well the Republicans were doing in his state, which was considered a battleground.  Many people mentioned how depressed the mainstream media folks were acting, as Donald Trump pulled ahead in state after state.  Those who live in a bubble of liberalism were finally being hit with a big spray of cold, hard reality.  I thought it was a joke, but it seems that the Canadian web site for potential immigrants actually went down under the weight of Hollywood and other celebrities and liberals making good on their threats to leave if Trump was elected. [I say to them, don’t let the door hit you on your way out!]

So, now it’s the Great Aftermath, and lots of liberals out there, especially the coddled young snowflakes, are reacting just like you’d expect them to.  How?  By protesting, of course!  These cry-bullies seem not to know how to do anything except protest.  In Seattle, they hit the streets.  In California, the CEO of a tech company suggested very strongly that any employee who voted for Trump should resign!  They are so blind, they who emphasize “tolerance and inclusion” proceed to exclude and discriminate against those who don’t think or vote like they do!  Oh, and the Stock Market!  Thursday, the Dow Jones Industrial Average was up over 200 points.  But the Nasdaq Composite Index fell over 42 points-another Liberal tantrum (tech companies are run by liberals who don’t know what side of their bread is buttered).

Cornell Students Hold ‘Cry-In’ Over Trump Victory

UCLA Diversity Chancellor Holds Therapeutic Event to “Process” the Election

Protesters Block Entrance to Trump Tower

There are a lot of happy Republicans today.  We hold out hope that Trump will really make a start on draining the swamp of Washington D.C.  There are multiple posts over on Ricochet, with suggestions for a Trump Cabinet, and who he should nominate for the Supreme Court.  We hope to say good-bye to ObamaCare in the new year.

I live in Deep Blue Washington State, where most western Washington voters voted for Hillary Clinton.  I have a really hard time understanding why anyone would want an old, tired, sick, corrupt woman as president.  If you really look at her record, such as it is, you will see that she had absolutely nothing to recommend her, and she had a whole litany of immoral, illegal actions for which the fawning Press will never hold her to account.  Hillary Clinton demonstrably caused the deaths of four brave Americans in Benghazi, then lied to their relatives about how and why they died!  She played fast and loose for years with confidential, classified State Secrets, for which many others have lost their jobs and gone to prison!  I am disgusted with how the politicized FBI let her off scot-free.

We are fortunate that the Clinton Crime Family won’t be running this country.

I wish only for the best of a Trump Administration.  I think he will do well as president, rolling back the misdeeds of the Obama years.  Onward to Liberty!

Nostalgia…The best weeks of my life

My readers will be familiar with my magic three weeks in Cambridge, England in 1991, from my post on that trip.  Thinking back on my long life, those three weeks are the only time in my life that I can say I’m nostalgic for.  I lived through the hippie 1960s and 1970s, and I’m not nostalgic for the early days of rock ‘n roll music-I just don’t have any warm feelings about that era, even though final exams were cancelled my senior year at college, due to “demonstrations” on campus.

Cambridge, however, always awakens feelings of nostalgia.  I long to return there and visit the colleges and the town, where I had such a wonderful time. I think these photos capture the places that make me the most nostalgic.

cambridge-River Cam
A punter on the River Cam, which forms the back boundary of Trinity Hall.

The river, right in back of our college, was always wide, shallow, and peaceful.

Cambridge-Trinity Hall
Dining Room at Trinity Hall College, where we stayed.

Some of my happiest memories of that time were dinners in the gorgeous dining hall, laughing and talking with my UCLA friends, and learning from our many distinguished guests.

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/nostalgia/

Photo Challenge…Quest…For My People

I am a Jew.  In 2007, I went to Israel with Michael Medved.  For me, it was a quest, to see where my people originated.

Walls, Masada
Walls and room, Masada, Israel

At Masada, dozens of my ancestors committed suicide, rather than submit to being conquered by the Romans.  I felt very close to them when we went there.  Those were My People.

Wailing Wall
People pray at the most powerful symbol of enduring Judiasm.

This is the Western Wall, all that remains of the Second Temple, which was destroyed by the Romans in the year 70 CE.  These are My People.

https://dailypost.wordpress.com/photo-challenges/quest/